Right Against Exploitation under Article 24 of the Indian Constitution

Authors

  • Nishant Pande

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12728/culj.17.3

Keywords:

Article 21, Child Labour, Comparative Constitutional Law, Purposive Interpretation, Right Against Exploitation

Abstract

Article 24 of the Constitution prohibits the employment of children in hazardous environments. The provision is worded in a manner that allows horizontal application of the right guaranteed thereby. However, the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India’s method of applying this horizontal right is obscure. On one hand, the Court in People’s Union for Democratic Rights v. Union of India indulged in a direct horizontal application of the right conferred under the Article, while on the other hand, the Court in the case of M. C. Mehta v. State of Tamil Nadu, undertook a combined indirect horizontal and vertical application of the Article. This paper attempts to identify the exact manner of applicability of the right under Article 24, by tracing its development, with specific reference to the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the same. Further, this paper explores the possibility of reading the right against exploitation in a more inclusive manner, as has been done for right to life under Article 21. The author has been inspired by the International community’s perception of child labour, specifically, the Constitution of Ireland and the Bill of Rights of South Africa, in putting forward arguments to augment the expansion of the scope of Article 24.

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Published

2020-07-01

How to Cite

Pande, N. (2020). Right Against Exploitation under Article 24 of the Indian Constitution . Christ University Law Journal, 9(2), 37-57. https://doi.org/10.12728/culj.17.3