Heidegger on Rhetoric: An Existential Deconstruction of the Notion of Communication

  • Deepak Pandiaraj Indian Institute of Technology – Bombay
Keywords: Doxa, Language, Heidegger, Existential Communication, Rhetoric

Abstract

This paper attempts to show how Martin Heidegger’s phenomenological interpretation of Aristotle’s theory of rhetoric can be interpreted usefully to understand the existential dimension of communication. Heidegger’s treatment of communication as a phenomenon is ontologically broader as he locates it within the existential analytics of Dasein. Taking Heidegger’s 1924 Marburg lecture, Being and Time and other texts dealing with the problem of the being of language as theoretical sources, this study first presents the importance of Heidegger’s conception of rhetoric and then shows how this throws light on the ontological aspects of communication as such. Human beings in their basic mode of existence as being-in-the-world and speaking-with-one-another is always already in communication through language. If rhetoric is a way of having the existential view about how matters present themselves in a particular manner by virtue of speaking about it with-one-another, then it is in the region of the doxa of people. Further, how existential communication works in our concrete life is demonstrated through a rhetorical analysis of the film Blow-Up.

Author Biography

Deepak Pandiaraj, Indian Institute of Technology – Bombay

APhD candidate since 2014 in HSS Department, IIT Bombay and a UGC-NET Senior Research Fellow in Communication (2014-2018).  Current research is on ‘Martin Heidegger and Communication: Towards an Ontology of Communication’. Other research interests are Phenomenology, ‘Philosophy of Communication ’, and ‘Culture and Communication’

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Published
2019-01-01