Role of Four Gravitational Constants in Nuclear Structure
Keywords:Four Gravitational Constants, Nuclear Structure, Higgs’s Fermion
This paper attempts to understand the role of the four gravitational constants in the nuclear structure which
helps in understanding the nuclear elementary charge, the strong coupling constant, nuclear charge radii,
nucleon magnetic moments, nuclear stability, nuclear binding energy and Neutron life time. The three assumed atomic gravitational constants help in understanding neutron-proton stability. Electromagnetic and nuclear gravitational constants play a role in understanding proton-electron mass ratio, Bohr radius and characteristic atomic radius. With reference to the weak gravitational constant, it is possible to predict the existence of a weakly interacting fermion of rest energy 585 GeV, called Higg’s fermion. Cosmological ‘dark matter’ research and observations can be carried out in this direction also.
 C. Sivaram et al. Gravity of accelerations on quantum scales. Preprint, arXiv, 1402.5071, 2013.
 O. Roberto, On weak interactions as short-distance manifestations of gravity. Modern Physics Letters A 28, 1350022, 2013.
 O. F. Akinto and F. Tahir, Strong gravity approach to QCD and general relativity, arXiv, 1606.06963v3, 2017.
 C. F. V. Weizsäcker, On the theory of nuclear masses, Journal of Physics, 96, 431- 458, 1935.
 W. D. Myers et al., Table of nuclear masses according to the 1994 Thomas-Fermi Model, http://www.nsdssd.lbl.gov.
 P. Roy Chowdhury et al., Modified Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula with isotonic shift and new driplines, Mod.Phys.Lett. A, 20, 1605-1618, 2005.  J. A. Maruhn et al., Simple models of Many-Fermion systems, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2, 45-702010.  Ghahramany et al., New approach to nuclear binding energy in integrated nuclear model, Journal of theoretical and applied physics 2012, 6, 3.  N. Ghahramany et al., Stability and mass parabola in integrated nuclear model, Universal Journal of Physics and Application, 1(1), 18-25, 2013.
 U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, Analytical estimation of the gravitational constant with atomic and nuclear physical constants. Proceedings of the DAE-BRNS, Symp. on Nucl. Phys. 60, 850-851, 2015.  U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, A new approach to understand nuclear stability and binding energy. Proceedings of the DAE-BRNS Symp. on Nucl. Phys., 62, 106-107, 2017.  U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, On the ratio of nuclear binding energy & protons kinetic energy, Prespacetime Journal, 6, 3, 247-255, 2015.  U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, Consideration on nuclear binding energy formula, Prespacetime Journal, 6, 1, 58-75, 2015.  U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, Simplified form of the semi-empirical mass formula, Prespacetime Journal, 8, 7, 881-810, 2017.  U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, On the role of strong coupling constant and nucleons in understanding nuclear stability and binding energy, Journal of Nuclear Sciences, , 4, ,1, 7-18, 2017.  U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, A review on nuclear binding energy connected with strong interaction, Prespacetime Journal, 8, 10, 1255-1271, 2018.  U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, To unite nuclear and sub-nuclear strong interactions, International Journal of Physical Research, 5, 2, 104-108, 2017.
 U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, A virtual model of microscopic quantum gravity, Prespacetime Journal, 9, 1, 58-82, 2018.
 U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, To confirm the existence of nuclear gravitational constant, Open Science Journal of Modern Physics, 2, 5, 89-102, 2015.
 U.V.S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, Towards a workable model of final unification. International Journal of Mathematics and Physics 7, 1,117-130, 2016.
 U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, Understanding the basics of final unification with three gravitational constants associated with nuclear, electromagnetic and gravitational interactions. Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications, 4, 1, 1-19, 2017.
 U. V. S. Seshavatharam et al. Understanding the constructional features of materialistic atoms in the light of strong nuclear gravitational c U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, To validate the role of electromagnetic and strong gravitational constants via the strong elementary charge, Universal Journal of Physics and Application, 9, 5, 210-219, 2015.
 U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, On the role of ‘reciprocal’ of the strong coupling constant in nuclear structure. Journal of Nuclear Sciences, 4, 2, 31-44, 2017.  U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, Fermi scale applications of strong (nuclear) gravity-1 Proceedings of the DAE Symp. on Nucl. Phys., 63, 72-73, 2018.
 U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, On the possible existence of strong elementary charge & its applications. Prespacetime Journal, 9, 7, 642-651, 2018.
 U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana, Scale Independent workable model of final unification, Universal Journal of Physics and Application. 10, 6, 198-206, 2016.  C. Patrignani et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 40, 100001 (2016) and 2017 update
 Bethke and G.P. Salam. Quantum chromodynamics. K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update.  A. V. Karpov et al., Decay Properties and stability of heaviest elements, International Journal of Modern Physics E, 21, 2, 1250013, 2012.
 T. Bayram, S. Akkoyun, S. O. Kara and A. Sinan, new parameters for nuclear charge radius formulas, Acta Physica Polonica B., 44, 8, 1791-1799, 2013.  G. Rosi, F. Sorrentino, L. Cacciapuoti, M. Prevedelli, and G. M. Tino, Precision measurement of the Newtonian gravitational constant using cold atoms, Nature, 510, 7506, 518–521, 2014.  De Sabbata V and C. Sivaram, Strong spin-torsion interaction between spinning protons.Nuovo Cimento 101A, 273, 1989.  C. Sivaram and K. P. Sinha, Strong spin-two interaction and general relativity. Phys. Rept., 51, 111-187, 1979.  De Sabbata V and M. Gasperini, Strong gravity and weak interactions. Gen. Relat. Gravit. 10, 9, 731-741, 1979.  De Sabbata V and M. Gasperini, Strong gravity with torsion and the Cabibbo angle, Gen. Relat. Gravit., 10, 11, 825-831, 1979.  J. I. Read, M. G. Walker and P. Steger, Dark matter heats up in dwarf galaxies, MNRS, sty3404, 2019.
Copyright (c) 2019 Mapana - Journal of Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.