Conflicts between tribes in Southern Kaduna: A Comparison to East Ukraine
Keywords:Southern Kaduna,, Ethnic, Indigenous, Ukraine, Hausa/Fulani, Russian, Nigeria
Eastern Ukraine and Southern Kaduna are both diverse ethnically. Christian groups make up the majority of both sides' populations. Southern Kaduna is home to indigenous tribes like the Kataf, Adara, Takad, Fantswam, Ikulu, Chawai, and Ham, as well as Muslim Hausa/Fulani, whom they frequently refer to as "settlers." In 1987, tensions between the indigenous population and their Hausa Fulani neighbours reached their height. In recent conflicts that have claimed thousands of lives and compelled many to flee their homes, the issue of land ownership appears to have come back into focus. According to the indigenous associations in Southern Kaduna, the Hausa and Fulani settlers are attempting to drive people from their ancestral homes by repeatedly targeting native residents. On the other hand, this research reveals how Yanukovych's 2013 decision to prioritise the Russian language in Donbass was what initially sparked the conflict, as well as how state actors in Nigeria were unable to start a genuine peace process to put an end to the bloodshed in Southern Kaduna. Due to the uniqueness of the study, we adopted premordialism theory as a working guide and suggested a long-term resolution rather than a temporary cessation of hostilities in these territories.
Ajibade, Tunji. The Things I Saw in Kafanchan, Southern Kaduna (Part 2). Punch Newspapers, November 5, 2021. Available From: [https://punchng.com/the-things-i-saw-in-kafanchan-southern-kaduna-part-2/]. Retrieved 13 July, 2022
Barkindo, Atta. Nigeria: Southern Kaduna and the Atrocities of Hausa-Fulani Muslim Herdsmen. Technical Report, May 2016.
Claus, Patricia. History of Donbas and Donetsk and Luhansk Regions. Greek Reporter, February 22, 2022.Available from: [https://greekreporter.com/2022/02/22/history-donbas-donetsk-luhansk/#] Retrieved June 10, 2022
Gulamov, Sherzod. Understanding National Identity: Ukraine’s Ethnic Diversity. May 7, 2014. Available:[https://www.eastwest.ngo/idea/understanding-national-identity Ukraine%E2%80%99s-ethnic-diversity] Retrieved June 10, 2022
Inter. Yanukovych Signs Contentious Russian Language Law into Force. Kyiv Post. May 6, 2012. Available from: [www.kyivpost.com/article/content/language-billukraine-leader-signs-contentious-russian-language-law-into-force-311237.html] Retrieved June 15, 2022
International Crisis Group. (2019). “We Are Ready to Rise Up – Just Give the Order.” In Rebels without a Cause: Russia’s Proxies in Eastern Ukraine, (Page 2-7). International Crisis Group. Available from: [ http://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep31330.5] Retrieved June 10, 2022
Ibrahim, Hassan Wuyo. Death toll in Southern Kaduna killing rises to 34, Including 2 military personnel. Vanguard newspaper, March 23, 2022, pg 5
International Journal of Current Innovations in Advanced Research
Mustapha, Salihu: A Review of Ethnic Conflict in Kaduna State, Nigeria.
The International Journal of Current Innovations in Advanced Research, vol.2, issue-8, August, 2019.Available from: [https://ijciaropenaccess.com/docs/volume2/issue8/IJCIAR-02.pdf] Retrieved 9 June, 2022
Laura Yeghiazaryan. Which of the three main ethnic conflict theories best explains the
Ethnic Violence in the Post-soviet States of Azerbaijan,Georgia, and Moldova?. Undergraduate Journal of Political Science Vol. 3, No. 1, spring 2018, Pp. 46–64. Available From: [https://www.cpp.edu/class/political science/participate/undergraduatejournal/vol3/yeghiazaryan-3.pdf] Retrieved September 18, 2022
Mirovalev, Mansur. Donetsk and Luhansk: What You Should Know About the ‘Republics’. Aljazeera.February 22, 2022. Available from: [https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/2/22/what are-donetsk-and-luhansk-ukraines-separatist statelets] Retrieved June 12, 2022
(11) Madugba, Agaju. Killings in Southern Kaduna: Elrufai Begins Search for Peace. Vanguard Newspaper, June 27, 2015. Available from: [www.vanguardngr.com/2015/06/killings-in-southern-kaduna-elrufai-begins-search-for-peace/amp] Retrieved June 2022
Ogbaki, Emmanuel Peter. Conflicts in Southern Kaduna: Causes and Strategies for Resolution. Academia, August, 2017.
Suberu, T. Rotimi. Ethnic Minority Conflict in Nigeria: IFRA Nigeria, Ibadan, 1996.
Steven, Pifer, Thoburn, Hannah. What Ukraine’s New Language Law Means for National Unity. Brookings. August 21, 2012. Available from: [www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2012/08/21/what-ukraine’s-new-language-law-means-for-national-unity/amp]. Retrieved 17 June, 2022
Shyamal, Kataria. Explaining Ethnicity: Primordialism vs. Instrumentalism. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal. Vol.5, No.4, (April 2018): https:// DoI:10.14738/assrj.54.4394.
Ter-Grigoryan, Svetlana, Michael, Quist. Russian Ethnic Groups Map & Demographics. Study.com. September 2022. Available From: [https://study.com/academy/lesson/russian-ethnic-groups.html] Retrieved September 18, 2022.
Taiwo, Hassan Adebayo. Investigation: Inside the Bloody Southern Kaduna Carnage Where All Sides Are Casualties. Premium Times, September 23, 2020. Available from: [https://www.premiumtimesng.com/investigationspecial-reports/416497-investigation-inside-the-bloody-southern-kaduna-carnage-where-all-sides-are-casualties.html] Retrieved June 8, 2022
The Economist Explains: Why Russia is Once Again at the Heart of the War in Ukraine. The Economist. February 15, 2022. Available from: [www.economist.com/the-economist-explains/2022/02/15/why-donetsk-and-luhansk-are-at-the-heart-of-the-ukraine-crisis?=aw.ds&gclid=cj0KCqjwpCVBhCFBhCFARIsAGMxhAfrh2gs8Bm39J4D7KUEoS46Rjr2KyKRbawxDngGwbBNYR] Retrieved June 11, 2022
Uroko, Chukwuemeka. Readdressing the Ethno-Religious Conflicts in `Southern Kaduna Nigeria in the Light of Abraham-Lot Narrative: May 2019. Available From: (https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ujah/article/download/179363/168726) Retrieved June 9, 2022] Retrieved June 11, 2022
World-Atlases. Biggest Ethnic Groups in India: Atlas, April 20, 2022. Available From: [https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/biggest-ethnic-groups-in-india.html].Retrieved March 11, 2022
Copyright (c) 2023 Artha Journal of Social Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.