The Significance of Metaphysical Presuppositions in Yoruba Punitive System

  • Adebayo Aina Olabisi Onabanjo University


Within the notion of punishment in the Yoruba culture, the physical and non-physical aspects of human existence are reconciled to arrive at a justifiable punitive action. The metaphysical presuppositions in Yoruba punitive system reflect a coherent interconnection among social structure, law and belief system for the harmonious human well-being of the individual and the community. Furthermore, the judicious imposition of punitive measures on the offender establishes the significance of attributing responsibility for every human action without antagonism and animosity. Nevertheless, the offender, within the tradition, is restitutively reconciled with himself, the victim and the community at large. The social order based on these principles creates and modifies the contemporary understanding of penology and penal practice.

Author Biography

Adebayo Aina, Olabisi Onabanjo University

Olabisi Onabanjo University, PMB 2002 Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria