Self-Knowledge: Based on Knowledge of the First Cause of Creation (Aristotle’s Conception of the Soul)
Keywords:Mediating Catalyst, Conjoined, Integral Being, Psyche, Triadic
This article argues that Aristotle depicts the soul as a detectable aspect of one’s being, is in the form of properties, and is discernable by cognition. Thus, he proposed that it is possible to discern the complementary connection between one’s being and the first cause of creation. Aristotle, like Kant, recognised that the age-old problem of scepticism posed a challenge to epistemological, ontological, and ethical claims. However, Kant did not develop his ideas regarding bridging the gap between what is demonstrable and the first cause of creation – which resulted in perpetuating problems with scepticism and dualism. Consequently, in the effort to resolve the problems of scepticism and dualism, to promote self-actualisation, holistic well-being and, to help individuals realise their full potential there is a resurgence of Aristotle’s explanation of the relationship between self-knowledge and knowledge of the first cause of creation.
This article contributes to the philosophy of science, the philosophy of the social sciences, the philosophy of religion, to contemporary literature on social psychology, and to literature addressing the interface between the sciences and perennial philosophy by demonstrating that Aristotle’s perennial wisdom and his epistemic approach – based on logical positivism – resolve problems related to scepticism, materialism, and dualism.
Aristotle. (2002) DeAnima. (Hamlyn, D.W. Trans.). Oxford , UK : Oxford University Press.
Aristotle. 1947. Introduction to Aristotle. (McKeon, Richard. Edit.). New York: Random House, Inc.
Aristotle. 2005. Metaphysics. (Ross, W. Trans.). Sioux Falls, South Dakota: NuVision Publications.
Aristotle. 2004. Nicomachean Ethics. (Crisp, Roger. Edit.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Aristotle. 1935. The Athenian Constitution, Eudamonian Ethics, On Vices and Virtues. London: William Heinemann, Ltd.
Aristotle. 1984. The Complete Works of Aristotle. (Barnes, Jonathan. Edit.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Aristotle. 1996. The Politics and The Constitution of Athens. (Everson, Stephen. ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Descartes, Rene. (2008) Meditations on First Philosophy. (Moriarty, Michael. Trans.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Gardner, Sebastian. (2007) Philosophical aestheticism. The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy. (Leiter, B. and Rosen, M. Eds.) Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
I John. 1011. The Holy Bible. London: Robert Barker Press.
Jung, Carl. 1988. Man and His Symbols. (Jung, Carl. Edit.). New York: Anchor Press.
Jung, Carl. (1963) Memories, Dreams, Reflections. (Jaffe, Aniela. Ed.). (Winston, Clara. & Winston, Richard. Trans.). New York: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group.
Kant, Immanuel. (1996) Critique of Pure Reason. (Pluhar, Werner. Trans.). Indianapolis, Indiana, Hackett Publishing Company Inc.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. 2007. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. Notre Dame, Indiana: The University of Notre Dame Press.
Maslow, Abraham. (1954) Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.
Miller, Leon. (2017) Faith, Integrity, and Integral Being. Indian Philosophical Quarterly. VLIV (1-2), 103-124.
Miller, Leon. (2014) The Split in the Western Intellectual Tradition: the controversy over knowing and what can be known. Cogito: Multidisciplinary Research Journal. Volume 6, number 4, 29-46.
Peirce, Charles. (1931) The Collected Papers: Principles of Philosophy. (Hawthorne, Charles. & Weis, Paul. Edits.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Rorty, Richard. (1979) Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).