Fundamentality and Conditionality of Existence
In metaphysics, fundamentality is a central theme involving debates on the nature of existents, as wholes. These debates are largely object-oriented in their standpoint and engage with composites or wholes through the mereological notion of compositionality. The ontological significance of the parts overrides that of wholes since the existence and identity of the latter are dependent on that of the former. Broadly, the candidates for fundamental entities are considered to be elementary particles of modern physics (since they appear to play the role of ultimate parts to all phenomena). The paper intends to show the inadequacy of the object-oriented notion of conditionality by pointing out that the parts and wholes possess varying conditions of existence. By alleging that only the parts are ontologically significant is to conflate such conditions and neglect the spectrum of conditions which exist in our world. A proposal for a revised notion of compositionality in terms of structural relatedness is also put forward.
Barrow, J. D. (2014). The origin of the universe. Orion. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.in/books?id=KHPhAgAAQBAJ
Davies, P. (2006). The origin of life. Penguin Books Limited. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.in/books?id=JQt-2i8HKN4C
De Haro, S. (2018). Relative fundamentality and the metaphysics of emergence. Retrieved from https://fqxi.org/data/essay-contest-files/De_Haro_180101_Fundamentali.pdf Harrison, E. (2000). Cosmology: The science of the universe. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from https:// books.google.co.in/ books?id= eFchAw AAQBAJ Holden, T. (2004). The architecture of matter: Galileo to kant. Oxford University Press.
Knight, C. (2018). Origins of society. Retrieved from http://radicalanthropologygroup.org/sites/default/files/pdf/pub_origins_hs.pdf
Kolb, E. (2018). The early universe. CRC Press. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.in/books?id=FwpQDwAAQBAJ Koslicki, K. (2017). Structure. In Handbook of mereology.
McGinn, C. (2011). Basic structures of reality: Essays in meta-physics. Oxford University Press.
Nave, C. R. (2018). Elementary particle populations. Georgia State University. Retrieved from http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Particles/parpop.html Petter, P. (2013). Basic knowledge of Astrophysics: A new way. epubli GmbH. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.in/ books? id=Ne69AQAAQBAJ Runciman, W. G. (2001). The origin of human social institutions. British Academy.
Schmidt, O., & Lebedinsky, A. (2001). A theory of earth’s origin: Four lectures. University Press of the Pacific. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.in/books?id=E1Ast8BJQI8C Smart, W. M. (2015). The origin of the earth. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from https:// books.google.co.in/ books? id=0BVEBgAAQBAJ Tahko, T. E. (2018). Fundamentality. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2018). Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University. Thalos, M. (2011). Two conceptions of fundamentality. Philosophy of the Social Sciences,41(2), 151–177.
Turner, J. H., & Maryanski, A. (2015). On the origin of societies by natural selection. Taylor & Francis. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.in/books?id=C2TvCgAAQBAJ Wimsatt, W. C. (2000). Emergence as non-aggregativity and the biases of reductionisms. Foundations of Science, 5(3), 269–297.
Copyright (c) 2019 Sahana Rajan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).