Moral Certainty of Faculty of Reason in Descartes’ Discourse
Keywords:Moral Certainty, Reason, Discourse, Method, Testimonies, Descartes, Human Nature
In this paper, I have made an attempt to understand the concept of moral certainty in Descartes’ philosophy which has not received much attention in the Cartesian scholarship. I argue that Descartes entertains a certainty, called moral certainty, which is a lesser certainty than metaphysical certainty which we see in Meditations. There are only few Cartesian scholars who have talked about this concept in relation to other areas in Descartes’ philosophy. In this paper, I draw a relationship between the concept of moral certainty and the faculty of reason in the contexts of Descartes’ text, Discourse. I argue that Descartes entertains the testimonies of learned men when it comes to practical or moral matter arguing that their testimonies guarantee moral certainty. I argue that Descartes claims, in the Discourse, that human beings are endowed with the faculty of reason on the basis of moral certainty.
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