The Trika School - A Religio-Philosophical Emergence

Authors

  • Niharika Sharma National Institute of Advanced Studies(NIAS), Bangalore and The Institute of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology(TDU), Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Keywords:

Trika, Pratyabhijna, Religion, Philosophy, Kashmir

Abstract

The worship of Śiva as a deity was the dominant form of theistic and religious devotion which flowed through Kashmir to other parts of India from the first century BC. The Trika school is an idealistic monistic and theistic school of philosophy in Śaivism, that originated in the ninth century C.E. in Kashmir. The paper attempts to elucidate the historical development of Trika school along with the idiosyncratic and unique philosophy of the school. It further endeavours to explain the enthralling development of this particular school which can best be understood from a religio-philosophical context. The study employs textual analysis as the research method to analyze and present the development and distinct nature of the Trika school.            

Author Biography

Niharika Sharma, National Institute of Advanced Studies(NIAS), Bangalore and The Institute of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology(TDU), Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

National Institute of Advanced Studies(NIAS), Bangalore and The Institute of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology(TDU), Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

 

 

References

Alper, H. P. (1979). Śiva and the ubiquity of consciousness: the spaciousness of an artful yogi. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 7(4), 345-407.

Bühler, G. (1887). Detailed Report of a tour in search of Sanskrit manuscripts made in Kashmir. Rajaputana and Central India, Bombay, (460).

Dyczkowski, M. S. (1988). The Canon of the Saivagama and the Kubjika: Tantras of the Western Kaula Tradition. SUNY Press.

Padoux, A., Rāma, R., Dyczkowski, M. S., Padoux, A., & Rama, R. (1994). The Stanzas on Vibration: The Spandakārikā with Four Commentaries, the Spandasaṃdoha by Kṣemarāja, the Spandavṛtti by Kallaṭabhaṭṭa, the Spandavivṛti by Rājanaka Rāma, the Spandapradīpikā by Bhagavadutpala, The Stanzas on Vibration: The Spandakarika with Four Commentaries, the Spandasamdoha by Ksemaraja, the Spandavrtti by Kallatabhatta, the Spandavivrti by Rajanaka Rama, the Spandapradipika by Bhagavadutpala.

Kaw, R. K. (1967). The Doctrine of Recognition:(Pratyabhijñā Philosophy).

Lawrence, D. P. (2005). Kashmiri Shaiva philosophy.

Mukhopadhyaya, G. (1968). Reality as Viewed in the Trika System of Philosophy. Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, 48, 231-240.

Nagel, B. M. (1995). Unity and Contradiction: Some Arguments in Utpaladeva and Abhinavagupta for the Evidence of the Self as Śiva. Philosophy East and West, 501-525.

Nemec, J. (2011). The Ubiquitous Siva: Somananda's Sivadrsti and His Tantric Interlocutors. Oxford University Press on Demand.

Pandey, K. C. (1867). Abhinavagupta: An historical and philosophical study.

Radhakrishnan, S. (2008). Indian Philosophy Volume II: With an Introduction by JN Mohanty.

Ratié, I. (2011). Can one prove that something exists beyond consciousness? A Śaiva criticism of the Sautrāntika inference of external objects. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 39(4), 479-501.

Singh, J. (2008). Pratyabhijnahrdayam: The secret of self-recognition. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited, Delhi.

Singh, J. (2017). Siva sutras: The yoga of supreme identity. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited, Delhi.

Singh, J. (2019). Vijnanabhairava, or Divine consciousness: a treasury of 112 types of Yoga. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited, Delhi.

Torella, Raffaela. (2006). Importance of Utpaladeva: An Introduction. Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla.

Wallis, C. D. (2014). To Enter, to be entered, to merge: The Role of Religious Experience in the Traditions of Tantric Shaivism. University of California, Berkeley.

Published

2022-01-19

How to Cite

Sharma, N. (2022). The Trika School - A Religio-Philosophical Emergence. Tattva Journal of Philosophy, 13(2). Retrieved from https://journals.christuniversity.in/index.php/tattva/article/view/2915