Vāda: An Analysis into its Origin, Traditions and Essence


  • Meenu Aggarwal Gupta Panjab University, Chandigarh.
  • Kamalpreet Kaur Guru Gobind Singh College for Women, Chandigarh.
  • Mohit Vasdev Panjab University, Chandigarh.




Vāda, Nyāya, Debate, Jalpa, Vitandā


Vāda, the classical name for the act of discussion/debate in the Indian tradition, forms the basis of every conversation undertaken to reach correct knowledge. The paper explores the Indian tradition of Vāda and its subcategories with the intention of highlighting the all-encompassing and holistic nature of this Indian tool of cultural studies in both theory and praxis. It checks into its evolution through contemporary times, wherein it has lost its essence to accommodate the corrupted interests of modern individuals as well as leaders and debaters. Through the analysis of various examples, the paper endeavours to establish Vāda as a comprehensive way to attain correct knowledge. Examples from day-to-day life as well as the historic-literary world help to explicitly comprehend these tools that have been used for establishing the nearest truth from ancient times in India. These tools are potent to all aspects of research across spatial-temporal limits as they are innate and immutable to all disciplines of knowledge and education.

Author Biographies

Meenu Aggarwal Gupta, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Department of English and Cultural Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

Meenu Aggarwal Gupta is an Associate Professor in the Department of English and Cultural Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. She has three books to her credit and a book in publication, titled Mapping the Ethical Turns through Indian Tales. She has published many articles in various journals as well as edited volumes, both nationally and internationally. She has successfully supervised more than ten M.Phil and Ph.D. research scholars. Her research interests include Children’s Literature, Literary Theory, Salman Rushdie, and comparisons between the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze and Indian Philosophy.

Kamalpreet Kaur, Guru Gobind Singh College for Women, Chandigarh.

P.G. Department of English, Guru Gobind Singh College for Women, Chandigarh, India.

Kamalpreet Kaur is an Assistant Professor in the PG Department of English, Guru Gobind Singh College for Women, Chandigarh, India. She undertook a comparative study of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows and The Bhagavad Gita for her M.Phil dissertation. For her Doctoral Thesis, she studied the complete Harry Potter series from the prism of six systems of Indian philosophy. She has published various articles in national and international journals, the latest one being "A study of Deleuzian ‘Becoming’/‘Queering’ of gender in the world of SKAM". She also has a chapter in an international edited volume to her credit.

Mohit Vasdev, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Interdisciplinary Centre for Swami Vivekananda Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

Mohit Vasdev is employed as an Assistant Professor (Guest faculty) in the Interdisciplinary Centre for Swami Vivekananda Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh. He is currently pursuing Ph.D. from the same centre of the university.


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How to Cite

Aggarwal Gupta, M., Kaur, K., & Vasdev, M. (2022). Vāda: An Analysis into its Origin, Traditions and Essence. Tattva Journal of Philosophy, 14(1), 43 - 64. https://doi.org/10.12726/tjp.27.3