Interrogating Hick’s View of Religious Pluralism

A Perspective from Yoga Philosophy


  • Kavita Chauhan University of Hyderabad
  • Venusa Tinyi



Religious Experience, Religious Pluralism, Religious Language, Ultimate Reality, Samādhi, Niruddha, Citta


A philosopher whose name has become almost synonymous with religious pluralism is John Hick. He justifies his position by borrowing insights and concepts from Immanuel Kant and Ludwig Wittgenstein. We argue that Kantian and Wittgensteinian frameworks are inadequate to explain and defend religious pluralism of the kind he advocates. We critically analyze the concepts of religious experience and religious language and then proceed to discuss Yoga school of Indian philosophy as a limiting case against his enterprise. 

Author Biography

Venusa Tinyi

Department of Philosophy

Univeristy of Hyderabad


Bharati V. Swami, (1986) Yogasūtras of Patañjali With The Exposition of Vyāsa, A Translation and Commentary, Volume I, Allahabad: Himalayan Institute.

Cheetham, D., J Hick, J. (2016) A Critical Introduction and Reflection, London And New York: Routledge.

Dhiman, K, (2022)The Yogasutram of Patanjali, Chandigarh: Saptrishi Publication.

Eddy, P. R. (2018) John Hick's Pluralist: Philosophy of World Religions, London and New York: Routledge.

Heim, M, (1995) Salvations: Truth and Difference in Religion, MaryknoJl, New York: Orbis.

Hick, J. (1989) An Interpretation of Religion: Human Responses to the Transcendent, London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hick, J. (1985) Problems of Religious Pluralism, London: Macmillan.

Jha, Ganganatha, (1896)Tattva-Kaumūdi of Vācahaspati Miśra, Bombay: Tookaram Tatya, F.T.S.

Loughlin, G. (1990) Prefacing Pluralism: John Hick and the Mastery of Religion, Modern Theology 7, 29-55

McGrath, A. E. (1992) The Christian Church's Response to Pluralism, Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 35, 487 -501

Harold A. Netland, (1991) Dissonant Voices: Religious Pluralism and the Question of Truth, Michigan: Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

Prasād, R. (1988) Pātañjali’s Yogasūtras with the commentary of Vyāsa and gloss of Vāchaspati Misra, New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.




How to Cite

Chauhan, K., & Tinyi, V. (2023). Interrogating Hick’s View of Religious Pluralism : A Perspective from Yoga Philosophy. Tattva Journal of Philosophy, 15(2), 77-97.