Rights of Rivers: Learning from the River Whanganui Case


  • Ngozi Finette Unigbe University of Benin, Nigeria.




Nature's Rights, River Whanganui Case, Rights of Rivers


Generally, laws meant to protect nature usually suffer setbacks with respect to either their provisions or their mechanisms of enforcement. While certain laws have no enforceable right to a clean environment, others lack sufficient deterrence or require strict proof of causation to ground action. Consequently, suggested reforms include addressing the constitutional challenge of justiciability, improving sanctions, creating compensation guidelines, and amending laws on proof of causation. The enforcement mechanisms of the laws can benefit from strengthening good governance, building the capacity of the judiciary to be able to effectively adjudicate on conservation-related matters, and generally encouraging hybrid enforcement mechanisms.

Author Biography

Ngozi Finette Unigbe, University of Benin, Nigeria.

University of Benin, Nigeria.




How to Cite

Finette Unigbe, N. (2022). Rights of Rivers: Learning from the River Whanganui Case. Christ University Law Journal, 11(1), 91 - 101. https://doi.org/10.12728/culj.20.4