Biodiversity Consequences of Biofuel Production
The biodiversity impact of biofuels will depend on the biofuel crop and the previous land use. Biofuels can be beneficial to biodiversity when appropriate crops are grown in suitable areas. Conversion of protected areas is usually explicitly prohibited by sustainability standards, but many of these areas of high biodiversity importance fall outside of the protected area network. The paper examines research that investigates the impact on biodiversity; specifically, how the impact is measured as being dependent on the biofuel feedstocks, previous land use and agricultural practices employed and well-managed plantations. However, the paper also provides insights on the evidence that reveals that the cultivation of many of the biofuel feedstocks has a negative impact on biodiversity as a result of habitat conversion and the ‘off-farm’ impacts of pollution and soil erosion.
 A. Bharadwaj, R. Tongia, V.S. Arunachalam, Scoping technology options for India’s oil security: Part II e coal to liquids and bio-diesel, Curr. Sci., 2007, 92(9), 1234e440.
 A. Dubey, N. Meena, V. Baharwani, Biofuels: Impact on food productivity, land use, environment and agriculture. International Journal of Environmental Research and Development, 2004, 4(1), 9-16.
 FAO, Biofuels: back to the future, SOFA 2008, Background paper, Unpublished, Rome.
 G. Fischer, E. Hizsnyik, S. Prielder, M. Shah, H. van Velthuizen, Biofuels and food security, 2009, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Vienna, Austria.
 A. Gasparatos, P. Stromberg, K. Takeuchib, Biofuels, ecosystem services and human wellbeing: Putting biofuels in the ecosystem services narrative. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 2011, 142, 111-128.
 IPCC, 2007, Climate change 2007- The physical science basis, Cambridge University press.
 G. M. Mace, K. Norris, A.H. Fitter, Biodiversity and ecosystem services: A multi-layered relationship. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 2012, 27(1), 19-26.
 National Energy Map for India, Technology Vision 2030, Summary for policy-makers, TERI Press, 2003, 1e26.
 D. J. Muth, D. S. McCorkle, J. B. Koch, K. M. Bryden, Modeling sustainable agricultural residue removal at the subfield scale, Agronomy Journal, 2012, 104:970-981.
 O. E. Sala, S. Dov, L. Heather, 2009, Biodiversity consequences of increased biofuel production, 127-137, Proceedings of the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE).
 SCOPE, Biofuels: environmental consequences and interactions with changing land use, Proceedings of the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, 2009.
 S.K. Singh, The demand for road-based passenger mobility in India 1950e2030 and relevance for developing and developed countries. Euro, J, Transp. Infr. Res., 2006, 6(3), 247e74.
 K.A. Subramanian, S.K. Singal, M. Saxena, S. Singhal, Utilization of liquid biofuels in automotive diesel engines: an Indian perspective. Biomass Bio energ., 2005, 29:65e72.
Copyright (c) 2019 Mapana - Journal of Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.