Factors like Dilution and Mixing Influence Enzymatic Reactions


  • Venkatanagaraju Erumalla Department of Life Sciences, CHRIST (Deemed to be University)(CU), Bengaluru, India
  • Mahin Basha Syed Biochemistry Lab, P.M. Sayeed Calicut University Center, Androth Island, UT of Lakshadweep


Enzymes, Hypothesis, Factors affecting


Enzyme-catalyzed reactions were influenced by many factors. The enzyme reacts with the substrate and converts it into products. Enzymes are influenced by temperature, pH, enzyme concentration, and substrate concentration. This paper evaluates the hypothesis of factors that may influence enzyme activity. Two more factors that affects enzyme activity are dilution and mixing. In enzyme-substrate reactions, the small amount of dilution and mixing will not affect the enzyme activity. Dilution and mixing do not slowdowns the enzyme reaction but it enhances the enzymatic reaction up to a certain limit. Increase in dilution results in less interaction of enzyme substrate, which causes a decrease in the rate of reactions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to shows that, factors like mixing and dilution also affect enzyme and substrate reactions.


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