Cultural Variations in the Glass Ceiling Effect: A Review

  • Ragitha Radhakrishnan Dr MGR-Janaki College of Arts & Science for Women, Chennai
Keywords: Glass Ceiling effect, Gendered Hiring Protocols, Employment and Organisational Processes


Gender Disparity is a universal phenomenon. The effect is more evident in an organisational setup. Two common forms of gender disparity are sticky floor effect and glass ceiling effect. Glass ceiling effect refers to the barriers that prevent women from progressing to the higher positions in the organisations. It can lead to differences in pay and may prevent women from climbing up the career ladder. The barriers may be psychological, social or organisational. The paper discusses the presence of glass ceiling across different cultures and its implications.


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