Psycho-Historical Perceptions of Gandhi

Authors

  • Vijayalakshmi KS Bangalore University, Bengaluru, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12724/ajss.45.6

Keywords:

Mahatma Gandhi, PSychohistory, Historiography

Abstract

The literature on leadership has its roots in the “Great Man” Theory of Thomas Carlyle, who declared that “The history of the world is but the biography of great men”. These works which emphasised only political, economic, and social motivations for events, gave way to Erikson‟s, “Gandhi‟s Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence”, is an attempt at understanding Gandhi through a Psycho-biographical study. Psycho-history analyses the incidents that left a deep impression on Gandhi and examines these experiences that Gandhi used on his techniques such as fasting, Ahimsa and Satyagraha later on. The present paper is a historiographical account of the psycho-historical writings on Gandhi. Erikson‟s seminal work which actually gained for Psychohistory its recognition, forms the major source of this paper and also includes some more recently published works such as Wolpert, Richards and Lelyveld. These narratives have explored the varied facets of his personality and his identity which had blurred between myth and history. Gandhi in most writings is raised to the stature of the Mahatma, but psycho-history has done justice to his character as it brings out the human side of the leader with all his frailties.

References

Carlyle, T. (1899). Heroes and hero-worship. Philadelphia: Henry Altemus Company (p. 42). Retrieved from www. archives.org De Graf, M. (2016, August 11). From Mahatma Gandhi to Abraham Lincoln: Great leaders who had mental illness - and triumphed as a result. The Daily Mail. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk.
Erikson, E. H. (1969).Gandhi’s truth: On the origins of militant nonviolence (pp. 9, 51-52, 109, 128, 130, 135, 403-04).New York, NY:W.W. Norton & Co. Retrieved from http://www. archives.org
Kunzru, H. (2011,March 29).Appreciating Gandhi through his human side.The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com.
Kearney, M. (1970). [Review of the book Gandhi's truth on the origins of militant non-violence by Erik H. Erikson]. American Anthropology, 72(5), 1197-98. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com
Lal, V. (2000). Nakedness, nonviolence, and Brahmacharya: Gandhi‟s experiments in celibate sexuality. Journal of the History of Sexuality, 9(1-2), 105-136. Retrieved from https// scholar.google.com
Lelyveld, J. (2011). Great soul- Mahatma Gandhi and his struggle with India, p. 14.New York: Alfred and Knopf. Retrieved fromhttp://library.aceondo.net/ebooks
Mazlish, B. (1971). Psychoanalysis and history (p. 14). New York: Grosset and Dunlap. Retrieved from www. archives.org
Piven, J. S., & Lawton, H.W. (Eds). (2001). Psychological undercurrents of history (p.xi). Lincoln: iUniverse Inc.
Richards, D. A.J. (2005). Disarming manhood: Roots of ethical resistance (pp.92, 94, 108, 118). Ohio: Swallow Press. Retrieved from https// books.google.co.in
Spratt, P. (1939). Gandhism: An analysis. Madras: Huxley Press.
Wolpert, S. (2001).Gandhi's passion: The life and legacy of Mahatma Gandhi (pp. 16-17). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Downloads

Published

2018-04-01