The Korean Nuclear Imbroglio: Can India be a Muted Spectator?
Keywords:Nuclear weapons, nucelar deterrence, nuclear proliferation, nuclear strategy, denuclearisation, North Korea, Korean peninsula
The presence of nuclear weapons in North Korea has complicated the strategic scenario in North Asia in general and Korean peninsula in particular. Unless the perceived ‗security deficit‘ with North Korea, due to its nuclear weapons‘ programme is amicably addressed, especially by reducing America‘s dominant presence in the region, demanding North Korea‘s denuclearisation would be unrealistic. Thus, the nuclear imbroglio in Korean Peninsula would endure. The outcomes of the Korean crisis will have serious spillover effects on South and East Asia. As a ‗rising‘ super power, India needs to reflect on her role in the unfolding strategic scene in its extended neighbourhood. This article provides an analysis of the strategic condition India is in and the impact of intervening in nuclear issues involving Super Powers in South and East Asia.
Bhattacherjee, K. (2016, June 24). India rejects charge on institute‘s ties with North Korea. Retrieved from https://www.thehindu.com/ news/national/India-rejects-charge-on-institute%E2%80%99s-ties-with-North-Korea/article14397238.ece
Bhowmick, N. (2018, June 21). India's embarrassing North Korean connection. Retrieved from https://www.aljazeera.com/ indepth/ features/2016/06/india-embarrassing-north-korean-connection-160620195559208.html
Brands, H. (2018, May 30). How many U.S. troops are in Korea? Maybe too many. Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/ view/ articles/2018-08-07/elon-musk-tweets-show-tesla-going-private-is-a-good-idea
Davenport, K. (2018). The Six-Party talks at a glance. Arms Control. Retrieved from https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/6partytalks
Guangcheng, X. (2017). The Korean peninsula crisis and the role of Russia. Retrieved from http://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/the-korean-peninsula-crisis-and-the-role-of-russia/.
Haidar, S. (2018, May 16). V.K. Singh makes surprise visit to North Korea. Retrieved from https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/vk-singh-makes-surprise-visit-to-north-korea/article23903652.ece
Kan, K. (2018, June 22). Is complete denuclearization of the Korean peninsula an unattainable goal? Retrieved from https:// www.nippon.com/ en/simpleview/?post_id=47246
Keating, J. (2017, September 29). China thinks the North Korea nuclear crisis is all America‘s fault. Retrieved from http:// www.slate.com/ blogs/the_slatest/2017/09/29/china_and_america_both_think_the_north_korea_crisis_is_the_other_country.html
Korda, M. (2018, July 6). Building trust on the Korean peninsula: The role of CBMs in nuclear negotiations. 38 NORTH. Retrieved from https://www.38north.org/2018/07/mkorda070618/
Landay J., & Kalra, A. (2017, October 25). India defends ties with North Korea in talks with Tillerson. Retrieved from https://in.reuters.com/ article/tillerson-asia-india-northkorea/india-defends-ties-with-north-korea-in-talks-with-tillerson-idINKBN1CU0XZ
MEA. (2016, May 16). Visit of Minister of State for External Affairs General Dr. V.K. Singh (Retd.) to the Democratic People‘s Republic of Korea. Retrieved from https://mea.gov.in/press-releases.htm?dtl/29899/ Visit +of+ Minister +of+State+for+ External+ Affairs+ General+ Dr+ VK+Singh+Retd+to+the+Democratic+Peoples+Republic+of+Korea
MEA. (2018). India-DPR Korea Relations. Retrieved from http://mea.gov.in/ Portal/ForeignRelation/ india__dprk_bilateral _ brief_for_mea_website.pdf
NDTV. (2017, August 12). ‗India a loud voice, can help resolve N Korea crisis': Top US Commander. Retrieved from https:// www.ndtv.com/world-news/india-can-help-defuse-north-korea-crisis-top-us-commander-1736856.
Objectiveias. (2018). North Korean Nuclear Crisis and India. Retrieved from http://www.objectiveias.in/North-Korean-nuclear-crisis-and-india/
Pant, H. V. (2018, May 22). What‘s behind India‘s recent outreach to North Korea? The Diplomat. Retrieved from https://thediplomat.com/ 2018/ 05/whats-behind-indias-recent-outreach-to-north-korea/ Perlez, J. (2017, September 5). U.S. desire for North Korea oil cutoff puts China in a tight spot. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/ 2017/ 09/ 05/ world/asia/north-korea-china-us-oil-fuel-exports.html
PTI. (2017, December 20). India to be part of summit on North Korea‘s nuclear crisis. Retrieved from https:// www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/world/ india-to-be-part-of-summit-on-north-koreas-nuclear-crisis/article9997693.ece Ramesh, J. (2018, May 3). India‘s role in ending the Korean war. Retrieved from https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/indias-role- in-ending-the-korean-war/article23750989.ece Reuters. (2012, March 30). Obama's outreach to North Korea. Retrieved from https://in.reuters.com/article/korea-north-usa-timeline/ timeline-obamas-outreach-to-north-korea-idINDEE82T07O20120330
Revolvy. (2010). Battle of Daecheong. Retrieved from https://www.revolvy.com/ page/ Battle-of-Daecheong Roblin, S. (2018, April 16). A history of North Korea's nuclear nightmare. The National Interest. Retrieved from https:// nationalinterest.org/ blog/the-buzz/history-north-koreas-nuclear-nightmare-25367
Sajjanhar, A. (2017, December 4). North Korean nuclear crisis: What the world can do. Retrieved from https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/north-korean-nuclear-crisis-what-can-the-world-do/
Sinha, A. (2018, July 12). THAAD: The fear of China, anxiety of Russia. Retrieved from https:// economictimes.indiatimes.com/ news/ defence/thaad-the-fear-of-china-anxiety-of-russia/articleshow/ 57273866.cms.
Stracqualursi, V., & Collinson, S. (2018, June 13). Trump declares North Korea 'no longer a nuclear threat'. Retrieved from https://edition.cnn.com/2018/06/13/politics/trump-north-korea-nuclear-threat/index.html.
Strait Times. (2018, July 13). South Korea president Moon Jae-in seeks Asean‘s support for Korean peninsula peace process. Retrieved from https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/south-korean-president-moon-jae-in-seeks-aseans-support-of-korean-peninsula-peace
Terry, O. (2018, April 21). Is ‗Denuclearization‘ the answer to the North Korea nuclear problem? The Diplomat. Retrieved from https://thediplomat.com/ 2018/04/is-denuclearization-the-answer-to-the-north-korea-nuclear-problem/ The Crisis Group. (2018, January 23). The Korean Peninsula Crisis (I): In the Line of Fire and Fury‖. Retrieved from https:// www.crisisgroup.org/ asia/ north-east-asia/korean-peninsula/293-korean-peninsula-crisis-i-line-fire-and-fury The Economic Times. (2017, September 16). China says opposed to US nuclear weapons on Korean peninsula‖. Retrieved from https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/china-says-opposed-to-us-nuclear-weapons-on-korean-peninsula/articleshow/60712173.cms
The Indian Express. (2018, May 14). US vows to provide security assurance to North Korea‘s Kim Jong-un: Mike Pompeo. Retrieved from https://indianexpress.com/article/world/us-vows-to-provide-security-assurance-to-north-koreas-kim-jong-un-mike-pompeo-5175900/ The Livemint. (2017, October 22). Rex Tillerson says India-North Korea ties could act as conduit for communications. Retrieved from https://www.livemint.com/Politics/zKlooN2PK9gdESwFhDLZCI/Rex-Tillerson-says-IndiaNorth-Korea-ties-could-act-as-condu.html
The New York Times. (2018, June 12). Trump-Kim Summit Ends With Promise to Suspend Military Exercise. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/12/world/asia/trump-kim-summit.html
The Telegraph. (2010). North Korea bombs South Korea's Yeonpyeong Island. Retrieved from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/ news/ worldnews/ asia/ southkorea/8153000/North-Korea-bombs-South-Koreas-Yeonpyeong -Island.html 23 Nov.
Vaddi, S. (2018). Singapore summit on North Korea‘s nuclear issue. Mainstream, LVI(29).
Waxman, O. B. (2018, July 26). The history behind the date chosen for the repatriation of Korean War Remains. Retrieved from http:// time.com/ 5343628/korean-war-armistice-remains/