Struggles of Norm Construction in the Global Nuclear Order: An Indian Perspective on the Formative Years

  • A Vinod Kumar Associate Fellow with Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis, New Delhi, India
Keywords: nuclear order, regime, stability, norm construction

Abstract

The existence of a global nuclear order as a conglomeration of norms, regimes, and institutions seems to have brought equilibrium to the governance of the Atom. Yet, the „order‟ is dominated by the non-proliferation norm, which has curbed the spread of nuclear weapons though not their existence. The NPT, as the cornerstone treaty, to facilitate this process has faltered due to its incoherent conceptual framing and conflicting interpretations of its process and purpose. The goal of total elimination, however, has remained elusive. This article revisits the early struggles of nuclear norm construction through the perspective of an actor with multiple role identities such as a norm entrepreneur, crusader, and challenger.

References

Finnemore, M., & Kathryn, S. (1998). International norm dynamics and political change. International Organization, 52(4), 887-917
Horovitz, L. (2015). Beyond pessimism: why the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons will not collapse. The Journal of Strategic Studies, 38(2), 126-158
NPT. (2005). NPT preamble. Retrieved from http:// www.un.org/ en/conf/ npt/ 2005/ npttreaty.html
Ramanna, R. (1991). Years of Pilgrimage. New Delhi: Viking
Published
2018-10-01