Insecurities and Human Rights Issues of People Affected by Development-Induced Displacement
Development and displacement seem to be directly related to each other. As India is a densely populated country, any development project leads to the displacement of lakhs of people. Displacement is not just the physical relocation of displaced people but is also associated with social and economic consequences that disrupt the lives of people. The insecurities resulting from the same are manifold. They include human insecurity, social insecurity, economic insecurity, food insecurity, health insecurity, and gender-based insecurity. This paper briefly analyses the situation of displacement in India and reflects on the insecurities faced by the people displaced due to development projects.
Baboo, B. (2002). Dams, displacement and violation of human rights: The case of Hirakud dam in Orissa. In P. M. Katare and B.C. Barik (eds.), Development, deprivation and human rights violation, pp. 195-209. Jaipur: Rawat Publications. Bharali, G. (2006). Development-Induced Displacement and Human Security in Assam. Paper presented at the Seminar on Human Security, Department of Political Science, Gauhati University, November 17-18, 2006. Bharali, G. (2007). Development-induced displacement: A history of transition to impoverishment and environmental degradation. Paper presented at the Seminar on Ecology, Department of History, Dibrugarh University, March 27-28. Bora, A. K. (1986). Pattern of land utilization in Assam. Delhi: Manas Publications.
Cernea, M. (1999). Why economic analysis is essential to resettlement: A sociologists view. In M. Cernea (ed.), The economics of involuntary resettlement: Questions and challenges. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Cernea, M. (2000). Risks, Safeguards and Reconstruction: A Model for Population Displacement and Resettlement. Economic and Political Weekly, 35(41), 3659-3678.
Cernea, M. (2006). Development-induced and conflict-induced IDPs: Bridging the research divide. Forced Migration Review, Special Issue, 25-27.
Cheria, A.,Sriprabha, P. & Edwin. (Eds.). (2004). A human rights approach to development. Bangalore: Books for Change.
Fernandes, W. & Mohammed, A. (1997). Development induced displacement and rehabilitation in Orissa 1951-1995: A database on its extent and nature. New Delhi: Indian Social Institute.
Fernandes, W. & Bharali, G. (2006). Development induced displacement in Assam 1947-2000: A quantitative and qualitative study of its extent and nature. Guwahati: North Eastern Social Research Centre. Fernandes, W. & Bharali, G. (2011). Uprooted for whose benefit? Development induced displacement in Assam 1947-2000. Guwahati: North Eastern Social Research Center.
Ganguly T, E. & Singh, M. (1995). Dams and displaced in India. In Hari Mohan Mathur and Michael Cernea (Ed.), Development displacement and resettlement: Focus on Asian experiences. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
Gogoi, M. R. & Lahon, T. (2014). Paradigm Shift: The Situation of Development Induced Displacement in India. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 3(1). Mankodi, K. (1989). Displacement and relocation: Problems and prospects. In W. Fernandes, & E. G.Thukral. (eds.), Development, displacement and rehabilitation: Issues for a national debate, pp. 135-163. New Delhi: Indian Social Institute.
Ministry of Rural Development. (2013). The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act.
Nag, S. (2002). Whose nation is it anyway: Nation building and displacement in Indian subcontinent. In C. J. Thomas (ed.), Dimension of displaced people in North East India, pp. 26-50. New Delhi: Regency Publication
Pandey, B. (1995). Impoverishing effects of coal mining projects: A case study of five villages in Orissa. In H. M. Mathur& D. Marsden (eds.), Development projects and impoverishment risks: Resettling project affected people in India. (pp. 174-192). Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Parasuraman, S. (1996). Development Projects, Displacement and Outcomes for Displaced Two Case Studies. Economic and Political Weekly, 31(24), 1529-1532.
Ramanathan, U. (1999). Public purpose: Points for discussion. In W. Fernandes (ed.), The Land Acquisition (Amendment) Bill 1998: For liberalisation or for the poor?, pp. 19-24. New Delhi: Indian Social Institute
Ray, S. & Saini, S. (2011). Development and Displacement: The Case of an Opencast Coal Mining Project in Orissa. Sociological Bulletin, 60(1), 45-64.
Copyright (c) 2019 Artha - Journal of Social Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.