The Role of Water as a Non Traditional Security Challenge
Challenges such as climate change, water and environment or even food security were not considered under the traditional security paradigm. In 1994, the UN Human Development report brought to the forefront the need to shift focus to the concept of people‟s security and identified several essentials including economic, health and environment security. Water, which lies at the core of these essentials did not find adequate prominence and while „water wars‟ was under the subject of academic scrutiny, the concept of water security as a global challenge did not receive adequate attention. Currently, water and its inextricable relationship to energy, food and development, and political stability is placed at the core of every security debate. In 2015, leaders at the WEF in Davos ranked water as the No.1 risk to societies. The paper explores how a change in attitude is required from policy makers to the end user.
Aleem, Z. (2015). Why water shortages are the greatest threat to global security. Retrieved from https:// mic.com/ articles/ 111644/why-water-shortages-are-the-greatest-threat-to-global-security#.dTOIWBbv8 Caballero-Anthony, M. (2007). Nontraditional security and multilateralism in Asia: reshaping the contours of regional security architecture? Policy Analysis Brief. Retrieved from https:// www. stanleyfoundation.org/publications/pab/pab07mely.pdf
Farinosi, F., Giupponi, C., Reynaud, A., Ceccherini, G., Carmona-Moreno, C., De Roo, A., ... & Bidoglio, G. (2018). An innovative approach to the assessment of hydro-political risk: A spatially explicit, data driven indicator of hydro-political issues. Global Environmental Change, 52, 286-313.
Fishman, C. (2015). Don‟t let Water be the Problem. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2015/07/20/starving-for-answers-food-water-united-nations/
Gupta, A. (2013). Keynote Address. India‟s Non-Traditional Security Challenges at IDSA National Seminar in Punjab University. Retrieved from http://www.idsa.in/ speech/ Indias Non Traditional Security Challenges_agupta
Hartley, K., Tortajada, C., & Biswas, A.K. (2017). Confronting global security in an era of water instabilities. Retrieved from https:// www. foreignpolicyjournal.com/2017/02/03/confronting-global-security-in-an-era-of-water-instabilities/
Kishore, R. (2016). India is the biggest virtual exporter of water. Retrieved from http://www.livemint.com/ Opinion/ bPPHFHv19q BaA5 qrPa 6SuN/ India-is-the-biggest-virtual-exporter-of-water.html
Menon, S.S. (2012). Keynote Address. 14th Asian Security Conference in IDSA. Retrieved from https:// idsa.in/ keyspeeches/ Shivshankar Menon_14ASC
Nye, J. S. Jr., & Welch, D.A. (2013). Managing conflict. In Understanding global conflict and cooperation: An introduction to theory and history. New York: Pearson.
Srikanth, D. (2014). Non-Traditional security threats in the 21st century: A review. International Journal of Development and Conflict. Retrieved from http:// www.ijdc.org.in/ uploads/ 1/ 7/5/7/17570463/ 2014 junearticle4.pdf UN News. (2008).
Ban Ki-moon warns that water shortages are increasingly driving conflicts. Retrieved from https:// news. un.org/ en/story/2008/02/248092-ban-ki-moon-warns-water-shortages-are-increasingly-driving-conflicts UNFAO. (n.d.). World Food Situation. Retrieved from http:// www.fao.org/ worldfoodsituation/foodpricesindex/en UNHCR. (n.d). UNHCR Statistical Yearbook. Retrieved from https:// www.unhcr.org/figures-at-a-glance.html
UNISDR Annual Report. (2015). Retrieved from https:// www. unisdr.org/files/48588_unisdrannualreport2015evs.pdf
United Nations. (2004). The Secretary-General‟s high-level panel report on threats, challenges and change, a more secure world: our shared responsibility.
United Nations and the Rule of Law. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/ ruleoflaw/ files/ gaA. 59.565_En.pdf Vishwanath, A. (2015). The water wars waged by the Islamic State. Retrieved from https://www.stratfor.com/weekly/water-wars-waged- islamic-state
Vishwanath, A. (2019). India‟s water stressed future is now. Retrieved from https://worldview.stratfor.com/article/india-water-stressed-future-now-drought-monsoon-chennai? id=87179e 919a&e=0 6e7f5e 2a4&uuid=3d612345-7fe7-414e-b65b-d1a 4e99be792&utm_ source= Daily+Brief&utm_campaign=a24ada2201-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_ 201 9 _ 09 _03_11_ 35& utm_ medium =email & utm_ term= 0_87179e919a-a24ada2201-53491405 &mc _cid =a24a da 2201& mc_ eid=[UNIQID]
Copyright (c) 2019 Artha - Journal of Social Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.