Comparative Study of Various Metals in the Sewage Samples of Three Major Drains of the City-Patna, Bihar, India

  • D Sayantan Christ University
  • S Shardendu Patna University

Abstract

Untreated sewage is a major water pollutant and widely used for irrigation in the agricultural fields of district Patna, Bihar, India. When sewage, containing heavy metals, irrigated into the agricultural fields, it enters into the human food chain by the process of bioaccumulation and biomagnification. In view of the above fact, the present study was conducted to determine the level of metals in the sewage samples of three major drains namely Mandiri, Rajapur and Pahari situated in the city Patna, Bihar, India, during March 2010 to February 2011. In comparison with other two drains, the metals were found in higher amount in the sewage of Pahari drain throughout the year.

##submission.authorBiography##

##submission.authorWithAffiliation##

Patna University, Bihar, India

References

[1] S. Shardendu, D. Sayantan, D. Sharma and S. Irfan. “Luxury uptake and removal of phosphorus from water column by representative aquatic plants and its implication for wetland management”, ISRN Soil Sci., vol. 2012, pp. 1-9, 2012. (http:// dx.doi.org/ 10.5402/ 2012/ 516947).
[2] K. V. Raju, R. K. Somashekhar and K. L. Prakash. “Spatio-temporal variation of heavy metals in Cauvery river basin”, Proc. Int. Acad. Environ. Sci., vol. 3, pp. 59-75, 2013.
[3] D. Sayantan and Shardendu. “Amendment in phosphorus levels moderate the chromium toxicity in RaphanussativusL. as assayed by antioxidant enzymes activities”, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., vol 95, pp. 161-170, 2013.
[4] D. Sayantan and Shardendu. “Phosphorus amendment competitively prevents chromium uptake and mitigates its toxicity in SpinaceaoleraceaL.”, Indian J. Exp. Biol., vol. 53, pp. 395-405, 2015.
[5] D. Sayantan and Shardendu. “Phosphate amendments moderate the arsenate accumulation and its subsequent oxidative and physiological toxicities in AmaranthusviridisL.”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. B Biol. Sci., 2016. doi: 10.1007/s40011-016-0711-5.
[6] Shardendu, K. Tripti, D. N. Singh and D. Sayantan. “Evaluation of arsenic removal potential of arsenic resistant bacteria with the role of physiological and genomic factors”, Indian J. Exp. Biol., vol. 55, pp. 251-261.
[7] K. Tripti, D. Sayantan, Shardendu, D. N. Singh and A. K..Tripathi. “Potential of uptake of arsenic (As V and As III) and reduction of As V to As III by Bacillus licheniformis (DAS1) under different stress”, Korean J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., vol. 42, pp. 238-248, 2014.
[8] C. Su, L. Q. Jiang and W. J. Zhang, “A review on heavy metal contamination in the soil worldwide: situation, impacts and remediation techniques”, Environ. Skept. Crit., vol. 3, pp. 24-38, 2014.
[9] R. G. Kakar, M. Yasinzai, A. U. Salarzai F. C. Oad and M. H. Siddiqui. “Irrigation with sewage water: assessment of water quality, nutrients and heavy metal distribution”, Asian J. Plant Sci., vol. 5, pp. 438-440, 2006.
[10] M. A. Rahman, M. M. Rahman, K. Kadohashi and T. Maki et al. “Effect of external iron and arsenic species on chelant-enhanced iron bioavailability and arsenic uptake in rice (Oryza sativa L.)” Chemosphere, vol. 84, pp. 439-445, 2011.
[11] D. Chakraborty, S. C. Mukherjee, S. Pati, M. K. Sengupta, M. M. Rahman, U. K. Chowdhury, D. Lodh, C. R. Chanda and A. K. Chakraborty. “Arsenic groundwater contamination in middle Ganga plain, Bihar, India: a future danger?”, Environ. Health Perspect., vol. 111, pp. 1194-1201, 2003.
[12] L. Järup. “Hazards of heavy metal contamination”, British Med. Bull., vol. 68, pp. 167-182, 2003.
[13] J. S. Singh, S. P. Singh and S.R. Gupta. Ecology Environment and Resource Conservation. New Delhi, India: Anamaya Publishers, 2008.
[14] E. Singh. “Ecological Investigations of different municipal drains in Jaunpur”, Ph. D Thesis. VBS Purvanchal University, Jaunpur. India, pp. 1-222, 2007.
[15] B. Wei and L. Yang. “A review of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils, urban road dusts and agricultural soils from China”, Microchem. J., vol. 94, pp. 99-107, 2010.
[16] Shardendu, N. Salhani, S. F. Boulyga and E. Stengel. “Phytoremediation of selenium by two helophyte species in sub-surface flow constructed wetland”, Chemosphere, vol. 50, pp. 967-973, 2003.
[17] S. S. Das and D. Sayantan. “Limnological studies on different ponds of Bihar, India: a review”, Mapana J. Sci., 15, issue 4, pp. 49-53, 2016. doi: 10.12723/mjs.39.4
Published
2017-10-16
How to Cite
SAYANTAN, D; SHARDENDU, S. Comparative Study of Various Metals in the Sewage Samples of Three Major Drains of the City-Patna, Bihar, India. Mapana - Journal of Sciences, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 4, p. 23-35, oct. 2017. ISSN 0975-3303. Available at: <http://journals.christuniversity.in/index.php/mapana/article/view/1635>. Date accessed: 16 oct. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.12723/mjs.43.3.
Section
Research Articles