"Women, Violence and Education: A Case Study of Esfahan Province, Iran "


  • Mohammad Reza Iravani`




In the developing countries, women generally have fewer shares in worker organizations. Even when women join the syndicates, they rarely get the high positions as in management. Employers have extremely limited women's access to development. They (employers] usually complain about women absenting from work due to their pregnancy and delivery. They claim that they have suffered costs such as paid leave during their pregnancy or after delivery, and replacement of other workers for them is so difficult and does not have that productivity. Usually, they believe, women are less productive because of their home responsibilities. Another factor that affects the public employment is the age structure, migration, pregnancy rate, population growth, and worker-supply level. However, economic, social, cultural, and political factors affect women's employment for more than population growth factor. War-time and early revolution economic depression brought about changes in the economic system of the country and resulted in transitions in the work market. These transitions and economic depression seriously limited industrial production and productive employment where women's employment was quantitatively and qualitatively affected.