Paddy Cultivation in Kerala – Trends, Determinants and Effects on Food Security
Keywords:Kerala, Paddy cultivation, Growth trend, Overall growth, Determinants
The statistical profile of Kerala agriculture since 1960, clearly established the decrease in the area under paddy cultivation in the state. Time series analysis of acreage, production and productivity data of rice in Kerala during the five decades from 1960-61 to 2009-10 revealed the performance of this crop in terms of growth of area, production and productivity. The production of major food crop, rice, reached negative growth rates due to the declining trend of their area. The diversification of crops in terms of variation in acreage allocation has taken place due to price and non-price factors like agro-climatic conditions, labour availability, irrigation facilities, soil fertility, cost of cultivation, price levels, profitability, mechanisation etc. The change has taken place largely in favour of non-food crops and recently it is towards rubber. The real growth of agricultural crop output has declined continuously since 1960-61 compared to monetary growth, i. e, the growth in the value of agricultural crop output. Food security, particularly rice security is the vital issue for Kerala today. The data reveals that during 1960-61 Kerala had a shortage of rice of about 40.12 percent, which increased to 83.45 percent in 2009-10. The study clearly revealed the increasing demand for rice in Kerala in the coming years compared to the existing supply. This will enlarge the supply demand gap of rice in Kerala in the future years indicating a threat to food security bringing out a need for further increase in rice production in a sustainable way.
Kannan K. P. & Pushpangadan A. (1988), “Agricultural Stagnation in Kerala: An Exploratory Analysis”, Economic and Political Weekly, 23(39), pp: A120-A128.
Karunakaran N. (2013), “Relative contribution of different elements to the Growth of principal Crop Output in Kerala”, Indian Development Review, 11(2), pp: 155-165.
Kaushik K. K. (1993), “Growth of Agricultural Production: a component analysis”, Agricultural Transformation in a Developing Economy, Delhi, Kanishka Publishers and Distributors, pp: 216-238.
Kurian C. T. & Joseph, J. (1979), Economic changes in Tamilnadu: 1960-70, A regionally and functionally Disaggregated Analysis, New Delhi, Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd, pp: 92-103.
Mahesh R. (1999), “Causes and consequences of changes in cropping pattern: A location-specific study”, Discussion Paper Series No.11, Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, pp: 1-56.
Mani K. P. (2009), “Cropping Pattern in Kerala– Spatial Inter-temporal Analysis”, in Rajan K (ed) Kerala Economy: Trends during the Post-Reform Period, Serials Publications, New Delhi, pp: 64-84.
Mythili G. (2006), “Supply response of Indian farmers: Pre and post reforms”, Working Paper 2006-09, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, pp: 1-36.
Parikh K. S. & Narayana N S S (1980),“Estimation of Farm Supply Response and Acreage Allocation: A Case Study of Indian Agriculture”, Working Paper 80-7, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, A-2361, Luxemburg, Austria, pp:1-59.
Sekhon M. K., Rangi P S and Dhaliwal, Tejinder (2008), “Long term demand for food grains in Punjab: Projections up to 2030”, Agricultural Situation in India, 65(8), pp: 523-528.
Sunilkumar (2004), ”Relative profitability, Supply shifters and Dynamic output response: The Indian food grains” Working Paper No.133, Centre for Development Economics, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, pp: 1-36.
Usha, T. (2006), “Growth performance and acreage response of pulse crops: A state level analysis”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 61(2), pp: 218-237.
Venkiteswaran S. (1984), “Changing cropping pattern and food economy of Kerala”, Agricultural Situation in India, 39(1), pp: 9-13.
Copyright (c) 2016 Artha - Journal of Social Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.